Sidi Saiyyed Mosque was built-in 1572-73 A.D. by Sidi Sayyad. This masjid (mosque) also known as Jaaliwali Masjid is one of the most reputed masjids in Ahmedabad. It is the last of the major mosque to be built under the sultan’s rule. It is a majestic stone homage to the African diaspora’s architectural legacy in India. Despite the fact that their progenitors were brought to India as slaves and maritime laborer, their descendants rose to positions of prominence as military leaders in the sultans’ armies and were renowned patrons of architecture.
Sidi Saiyyed Mosque History
It was built in the retinue of Bilal Jhajar Khan. He was the general of the army of the last Sultan Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah III. He came to Gujarat from Yemen and served Sultan Mahmud III, last ruler of the Gujarat Sultanate. The masjid construction started under the Ubban Shaikh but after his untimely death, Sidi Saeed took the responsibility to finish it. Sidi Saiyyed had earned a substantial fortune by the time he retired from service. He he utilized to construct his gorgeous mosque as well as for acts of humanitarian kindness. It was feeding the destitute on a regular basis in his public kitchen.
Sidi Saiyyed Mosque Architecture
It is known for its ten intricately carved stone latticework windows which can be viewed on the side and rear arches. The rear wall is filled with square stone pierced panels in geometrical designs and consists of two tree designs that are Banyan tree and a palm tree with unusual branches and detailed carvings of flora in the background. It is an unofficial symbol of Ahmedabad and also used as a logo by the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad.
The mosque, which is located in the center of Ahmedabad’s 600-year-old walled city is totally constructed using the arcuate system. It includes arches, domes, squinches, and vaults. The mosque is set up like a theatre without a fourth wall, and its jalis are known for their finely carved filigree work (screen windows). These jalis were regarded by Vincent Arthur Smith. A 20th-century Indologist and art historian, as the “most artistic stone lattice-work to be found anywhere in the globe.”
The mosque’s 10 nearly semicircular windows are adorned with ornate latticework, some with complicated geometrical designs and others carved in the style of entwined trees and flora. To the right of the Sidi Saiyyed Jali is great walled arch which is the most spectacular of them all. The Tree of Life motif is an artistic portrayal of a tree. It is thought to grow in heaven according to Islamic mythology and the carvings on this jali are sixteen feet in length. Ahmedabad’s unofficial insignia is this intricately crafted design and also became the India’s first UNESCO World Heritage city.
Sidi Saiyyed Mosque Timings
Fri – 6:00 AM – 1:00 PM and 3:00 PM – 11:45 PM
Sat – 6:00 AM – 11:45 PM